Saturday, 26 April 2014

#30 - The Australian National Flag

Australian flag meaning :

The Australian National Flag was chosen by the Australian people in the year of national federation, 1901 from 32,823 entries received in a public design competition. The popular contest was initiated by a publication, The Review of Reviews and made official by the Commonwealth Government. The Prime Minister, Sir Edmund Barton was the master of ceremonies for the first raising of the large, blue national flag, measuring 11 x 5.5 metres. The event was held on 3 September 1901 when the flag was hoisted above the then Commonwealth Parliament, Melbourne. On 3 September has been officially proclaimed and is celebrated annually as our Australian National Flag Day.

On the top left-hand corner is the Union Jack. Union Jack a.k.a. the Union Flag, is the national flag of the United Kingdom. The Union Jack is a part of Australian flag because it's represents Australia ties to UK. Australia is ruled by UK, hence having a Prime Minister and not a President.

Below the Union Jack is seven-pointed Federation Star as the Commonwealth Star in the lower hoist quarter. The Commonwealth Star (a.k.a. the Federation Star, the Seven Point Star, or the Star of Federation) is a seven-pointed star symbolising the Federation of Australia which came into force on 1 January 1901. 
Six points of the Star represent the six original states of the Commonwealth of Australia, while the seventh point represents the territories and any other future states of Australia. 

And on the right is the Southern Cross constellation, made up of five white stars – one small five-pointed star and four, larger, seven-pointed stars.

Friday, 25 April 2014

#29 - The Empire Hotel & Country Club in Brunei Darussalam

Known as the Abode of Peace, Brunei Darussalam is one of only two Sultanates in the world. Located on the north coast of the island of Borneo in Southeast Asia. It is a land of architectural Islamic grandeur and lush virgin rainforest.

The capital city is Bandar Seri Begawan glimmers with boutiques as well as national treasures such as the gold-domed Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien Mosque and the Islamic and Malay infused Istana Nurul Iman; the royal residence of His Majesty the Sultan.

With a monarchy stretching back 600 years and relatively new independence, gained in 1984, Brunei is an unique preserve of modernity, royalty and nature.

A haven for the inquisitive, Brunei also reveals the crystal-clear waters of the South China Sea, towering waterfalls in primary rainforests, endangered animals and the Iban, the island's native people and their traditional longhouses.

#28 CA-423057 3 April 2014

Sent : 15 March 2014 (from Canada)
Received : 3 April 2014
Distance : 15,822 km (9,831 miles)
Travelling : 19 days

OTTAWA is the capital city of Canada, and the fourth largest city in the country. The city stands on the south bank of the Ottawa River in the eastern portion of Southern Ontario. Ottawa borders Gatineau, Quebec, and together they form the National Capital Region (NCR).

As the capital city, Ottawa has many national landmarks such as Parliament Hill, Canada's central government buildings that mimic the Houses of Parliament in the United Kingdom; National Gallery of Canada, the Royal Canadian Mint Canada where money is printed (and other branches in Winnipeg); Rideau Canal, and others. One other trademarks are Ottawa Scotiabank Place, the stadium for ice hockey NHL team or the National Hockey League, Ottawa Senators.

Founded in 1826 as Bytown and incorporated as "Ottawa" in 1855, the city has evolved into a political and technological centre of Canada. Its original boundaries were expanded through numerous minor annexations and ultimately replaced by a new city incorporation and major amalgamation in 2001 which significantly increased its land area. The name "Ottawa" is derived from the Algonquin word adawe, meaning "to trade". Initially an Irish and French Christian settlement, Ottawa has become a multicultural city with a diverse population.

The 2011 census had the city's population as 883,391, the census metropolitan area (CMA) population as 1,236,324. Mercer ranks Ottawa with the second highest quality of living of any large city in the Americas, and 14th highest in the world. It is also rated the second cleanest city in Canada, and third cleanest city in the world. In 2012, the city was ranked for the third consecutive year as the best community in Canada to live in by MoneySense.

Thursday, 3 April 2014

#26 DE-2962599 21 March 2013

Danke, Renate!

Postcard : CARTOONS FROM CHILDHOOD by Santilopez
Sent : 3 March 2014 (from Germany)
Received : 21 March 2013
Distance : 11,465 km (7,124 miles)
Travelling : 18 days

Cartoon (from Italian "cartone" and Dutch word "karton", meaning strong, heavy paper or pasteboard) is a full-size drawing made on sturdy paper as a study or modello for a painting, stained glass or tapestry. Cartoons were typically used in the production of frescoes, to accurately link the component parts of the composition when painted on damp plaster over a series of days (giornate).
Such cartoons often have pinpricks along the outlines of the design; a bag of soot was then patted or "pounced" over the cartoon, held against the wall to leave black dots on the plaster ("pouncing"). Cartoons by painters, such as the Raphael Cartoons in London and examples by Leonardo da Vinci, are highly prized in their own right. Tapestry cartoons, usually coloured, were followed by eye by the weavers on the loom.

Wednesday, 2 April 2014

#25 - The Parliament House of Malaysia

Terima kasih, Abuz!

Malaysia House of Parliament located at the Lake Garden in Kuala Lumpur, right next to Malaysian National Monument. The building has also been prominently featured on reverse of the first series sen coins and the first and second series MS $ 1,000 banknotes.
Tunku Abdul Rahman, the first Malayan Prime Minister, suggested the construction of the Houses of Parliament in December 1959. The construction of the building cost RM18 million. Designed by Ivor Shipley, a British architect in the Public Works Department, the construction commenced in September 1962, and the opening of the new Parliament building was officiated by Tuanku Syed Putra ibni Almarhum Syed Hassan Jamalullail, the third Yang di-Pertuan Agong, on November 21, 1963. The Tunku Abdul Rahman's statue was erected near the parliament square.

Tuesday, 1 April 2014

#24 - 14 January 2014 Postcrossing Meet Up BEKASI

#23 - My First Postcard from Lithuania

LITHUANIA (or Lietuva in Lithuanian), is a country in Northern Europe. It is situated along the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea, to the east of Sweden and Denmark. It borders Latvia to the north, Belarus to the east and south, Poland to the south, and Kaliningrad Oblast (a Russian exclave) to the southwest. Lithuania has an estimated population of 3 million as of 2013, and its capital and largest city is Vilnius. Lithuanians are a Baltic people, and the official language, Lithuanian, is one of only two living languages (together with Latvian) in the Baltic branch of the Indo-European language family.

For centuries, the southeastern shore of the Baltic Sea was inhabited by various Baltic tribes. In the 1230s the Lithuanian lands were united by Mindaugas, the King of Lithuania, and the first unified Lithuanian state, the Kingdom of Lithuania, was created on 6 July 1253. During the 14th century, the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was the largest country in Europe: present-day Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, and parts of Poland and Russia were the territories of the Grand Duchy. With the Lublin Union of 1569, Lithuania and Poland formed a voluntary two-state union, the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth. The Commonwealth lasted more than two centuries, until neighboring countries systematically dismantled it from 1772 to 1795, with the Russian Empire annexing most of Lithuania's territory.

As World War I neared its end, Lithuania's Act of Independence was signed on 16 February 1918, declaring the establishment of a sovereign State of Lithuania. Starting in 1940, Lithuania was occupied first by the Soviet Union and then by Nazi Germany. As World War II neared its end in 1944 and the Germans retreated, the Soviet Union reoccupied Lithuania. On 11 March 1990, a year before formal break-up of the Soviet Union, Lithuania became the first Soviet republic to declare the restoration of independent State of Lithuania.

Lithuania is a member of the European Union, the Council of Europe, a full member of the Schengen Agreement and NATO. It is also a member of the Nordic Investment Bank, and part of Nordic-Baltic cooperation of Northern European countries. The United Nations Human Development Index lists Lithuania as a "very high human development" country. Lithuania has been among the fastest growing economies in the European Union and is ranked 17th in the world in the Ease of Doing Business Index.

Thank you Iveta, for sending me this card. It's my first postcard from Lithuania. :)

#22 - Taiwan's Delicious Foods

Postcard : Taiwan's foods (or Taiwanese cuisine ; traditional Chinese: 台灣菜) has several variations. In addition to the following representative dishes from the people of Hoklo (Hō-ló) ethnicity (see Taiwanese people), there are also Aboriginal, Hakka, and local derivatives of Chinese cuisines such as beef noodle soup.
Taiwanese cuisine itself is often associated with influences from mid to southern provinces of Mainland China, most notably from the province of Fujian (Hokkien), but influences from all of Mainland China can easily be found. A notable Japanese influence also exists due to the period when Taiwan was under Japanese rule. Traditional Chinese food can be found in Taiwan, alongside Fujian and Hakka-style as well as native Taiwanese dishes, includes dishes from Guangdong, Jiangxi, Chaoshan, Shanghai, Hunan, Sichuan and Beijing.

Thank you so much to my penpal, Sally. This card is very interesting. I really appreciate it. 謝謝, Sally!

Sent : 30 December 2013 (from Taiwan)
Received : 15 January 2014
Travelling : 17 days

#21 - Faces of Malaysia

MALAYSIA is a federal constitutional monarchy in Asia. It consists of thirteen states and three federal territories. The capital city of Malaysia is Kuala Lumpur (also the largest city), while Putrajaya is the seat of the federal government. Malaysia is the 67th largest country by total land area, with a land area of 329,847 km2 (127,355 sq mi). It has land borders with Thailand in West Malaysia, and Indonesia and Brunei in East Malaysia. It is linked to Singapore by a narrow causeway and a bridge. The country also has maritime boundaries with Vietnam and the Philippines.